Environment & Development Indicators for Lebanon


Indicators are tools to facilitate effective decision-making. They are used to show the condition of a specific parameter. Indicators help in measuring sustainable development through:
  • Improving the quality of information and simplifying its interpretation and management
  • Assessing environment and development trends overtime and in relation to goals and targets

Significance of Indicators
  • Provide information to the general public as well as early warning information
  • Help quantify the situation, highlight its significance, monitor progress and changing trends
  • Help simplify the data and present it in a form directly relevant to the problem being addressed * 6 Guide decision-makers to the status of the current priorities
  • Enable decision-makers to evaluate and compare the implications of their policies/choices
  • Facilitate external scrutiny of decisions and policies, thus ensuring transparency and accountability

Working with Indicators
  • An indicator must be specific, measurable relevant, simple, and repeatable
  • An indicator must be reported and interpreted in the appropriate context, taking into account the ecological, geographical, social, economic and structural features of a country
  • The interpretation of an indicator is specific to each stakeholder in his own domain
  • To be useful, indicators need to be evaluated relative to a certain target, limit, legal requirement or international/ regional standard
Indicators provide a common base for information exchange among the different stakeholders, monitor trends per a definite baseline and help in the development of coherent planning processes to address problems.

Types of Indicators
  • Pressure Indicators: Human activities that exert stresses or pressures on the environment and change it (i.e. population growth, use of pesticides, industrial releases into water…)
  • State Indicators: The quality and quantity of natural resources, and the quality of the environment (i.e. level of air pollution, burnt area, forest area…)
  • Response Indicators: The actions adopted (environmental, economic, institutional or sectoral policies) in response to changes (i.e. regulatory action, legislation, environment or research expenditure…)